Ingraham Applied Zoopharmacognosy
Ingraham Applied Zoopharmacognosy enables self-medicative behaviour in domesticated or captive animals by offering plant extracts that would contain the same, or similar constituents to those found in an animal’s natural environment. The practice encourages and allows an animal to guide its own health, since unlike their wild counterparts, captive and domesticated animals rarely have the opportunity to forage on medical plants. The extracts offered include a variety of essential oils, absolutes, plant extracts, macerated oils, tubers, clays, algae, seaweeds and minerals. Once the animal has selected its remedy, it will then guide the session by inhaling it, taking it orally, or by rubbing a part of its body into it.
The Ingraham Academy
The Ingraham Academy of Zoopharmacognosy (IAZ), is headed by the founder of Applied Zoopharmacognosy, Caroline Ingraham, who promotes self-medication as a necessary component of domestic and captive animal health. Caroline trains professionals in the field of animal welfare, and teaches carers in how to recognise and understand self-medicative behaviour. She explains how animals have evolved to cope with potential threats including disease and injury, and as a result, have developed solutions to restore health by self-administering medicinal compounds naturally found in the wild. Caroline's research is ongoing and so the subject is always evolving. Each workshop shares this latest knowledge and enables you to work even more effectively with animals in your care.
The word Zoopharmacognosy is derived from the ancient greek 'zoo' (animal), 'pharmaco' (remedy) and 'gnosy' (knowing), and Ingraham Applied Zoopharmacognosy is the application of this knowledge for animals who do not have access to an environment rich in their natural resources.
Sensory Modulation: The Ingraham Theory
The Ingraham Theory explains how an innate ability to self-medicate on the most appropriate plants is possible. It holds that animals are born pre-setup with multiple signaling pathways that link different problems to different olfactory and gustatory pathways. As everything is based on internal signals, there is no requirement for the animal to learn which therapeutic plants are the most appropriate for any given condition.
From the Greek word 'Pharmakon' meaning both medicine and poison Using natures pharmacy This pdf helps to explains the reason why some animals poison themselves on plants and chemicals which would not have been in their evolutionary history.