African Elephant Eating Grass With His Trunk On The African Plains "Self-medication is about working naturally with animals - in harmony with nature"
Caroline Ingraham
Animal Self-Medication


Ingraham Applied Zoopharmacognosy

Ingraham Applied Zoopharmacognosy enables self-medicative behaviour in domesticated and captive animals by offering plant extracts that would contain the same, or similar constituents to those found in an animal’s evolutionary history. The practice encourages and allows an animal to guide its own health, since unlike their wild counterparts, captive and domesticated animals rarely have the opportunity to forage on medicinal plants. The extracts offered include a variety of essential oils, absolutes, plant extracts, macerated oils, tubers, clays, algae, seaweeds and minerals.

Welcome to our new website! We hope you like it as much as we do.


Online & Workshops

Caroline Ingraham Canine Workshops
Equine consultation Kit

Caroline trains both professionals and non-professionals in this new field of science and animal welfare. She teaches how to recognise and understand self-medicative behaviour, while explaining the mechanisms that under-pin the science of this innate behaviour, a behaviour animals evolved to cope with potential threats including disease and injury. Caroline’s research is on going and so the subject is constantly evolving. Each workshop, whether online or in person, shares her latest knowledge enabling you to reach the best possible outcomes.


Essential Oils, Books and other Herbal Extracts

Dog Choosing Essential Oils At Ingraham Biotics In Tetbury
Animal Self-Medication By Caroline Ingraham - ISBN 9780952482765
Water Sprays In Ingraham Biotics Shop In Tetbury

We are a bespoke company offering a range of quality products, sourced directly where possible from the artisan grower. Our philosophy is to create a pharmacy for animals, whereby they can choose the plant extracts they need to heal themselves, as they would in the wild. To achieve the maximum healing potential it is important to use the highest quality essential oils and extracts. We only use recyclable materials.

Caroline Ingraham Podcast

Listen to Caroline’s Podcast

"It's time to re-evaluate our relationship with animals and start perceiving them as active, rather than passive beings."

Caroline Ingraham
Caroline Ingraham Looking After A Baby Kangaroo

Caroline's Journey

Read about where and how it all began.


Enjoy reading and listening as well as learning from Caroline’s chronicles. These fascinating stories range from companion animals to the elephant, tiger and primate, not of course forgetting the brown and polar bears.